The Obama Administration constructed the concept of frontier territories—areas that are out of state control but fall within a state’s territorial boundaries—to “sidestep legal constraints” in the use of military force and “cover up what many would consider extra-legal behavior” in U.S. drone warfare.
war on terror
The Nigerian military response and local politics contribute more to the resilience of Boko Haram and the protraction of the conflict in the Lake Chad region than Boko Haram’s affiliation with the Islamic State does.
New data from the Costs of War project at Brown University shows that the United States' war on terror has spread across 40% of the world’s nations. Peace science provides insight into the disastrous human, social, and economic toll war has on all parties involved.