Peace Science Made Accessible, Understandable, and Useful.

violence

Why Do Some Protests Escalate to Violence?

Why Do Some Protests Escalate to Violence?

A protest is more likely to escalate to violence a) the more recently it has faced state repression and b) when it is spontaneous rather than well-organized.

Peacebuilding Within a Global Conflict System

Peacebuilding Within a Global Conflict System

Peacebuilding efforts always take place within—and are deeply constrained by—the global conflict system, whereby violence and peace coexist and mutually reinforce one another both within and between countries, privileging the few (“at peace”) at the expense of the many (subject to “rampant” structural violence and cultural violence, as well as the direct violence to which these often give rise).

Beyond Armed Conflict: Exploring Broader Understandings of Reconciliation in Colombia

Beyond Armed Conflict: Exploring Broader Understandings of Reconciliation in Colombia

There are fairly evenly split views on the possibility of reconciliation with former combatants, as well as varied opinions (sometimes along gender, income, education level, and/or regional lines) on which activities would foster reconciliation and how willing respondents would be to come into close contact with former combatants.

The Lived Experience of Violence in Afghanistan

The Lived Experience of Violence in Afghanistan

In response to the regular occurrence of violence in Afghan society, Afghans have expressed helplessness, fear, widespread insecurity, and traumatization but also have learned to cope by normalizing violence, desensitizing themselves from it, and integrating it into their daily lives.