No single factor explains why people withdraw from high-risk activism or political violence; disengagement typically happens because of growing disagreements over time as opposed to singular triggering events.
The turn from the GWOT to CVE, with its focus on prevention, broadened the monitoring mandate of security agencies, enabling them to apply tactics based on the assumption that anyone (but mostly the most traditionally marginalized) can be a potential “terrorist” or “extremist,” thereby justifying surveillance, intelligence gathering, and other civil rights violations of so-called suspects.
The Obama Administration constructed the concept of frontier territories—areas that are out of state control but fall within a state’s territorial boundaries—to “sidestep legal constraints” in the use of military force and “cover up what many would consider extra-legal behavior” in U.S. drone warfare.
The number of terror attacks in the U.S. known to be motivated by right-wing ideologies has grown by over 35% in the last 7 years. Peace Science has found that symbolic targets, gender relations, and threats to identity and privilege are more important to motivating right-wing terrorism than objections to policy or material or economic factors.
Context: Often, members of alt-right, white nationalist/supremacy organizations conduct violent acts that are considered isolated incidences and do not carry the
Foreign military support in intrastate conflicts increases the risk of retaliatory terrorist attacks; weapons sales are the prominent contributing factor.
Military action is often an ineffective and counterproductive tool for countering terrorism, as it fuels grievances of already marginalized communities.
The most prominent "push factors" in terrorist disengagement are forms of disillusionment, as well as to some extent burnout.
Deployment of troops and weapons exports to another country increases the chance of attacks from terror organizations from that country.
The U.S. military is more likely to engage in a campaign for human rights than for security reasons, such as threats to democracy or terrorist activity.