Peace Science Made Accessible, Understandable, and Useful.

Creating the “Problem of Extremism”

Creating the “Problem of Extremism”

The turn from the GWOT to CVE, with its focus on prevention, broadened the monitoring mandate of security agencies, enabling them to apply tactics based on the assumption that anyone (but mostly the most traditionally marginalized) can be a potential “terrorist” or “extremist,” thereby justifying surveillance, intelligence gathering, and other civil rights violations of so-called suspects.

Militarization Through Civilian National Security Neglect

Militarization Through Civilian National Security Neglect

In Brazil, civilian authorities failed to advance a comprehensive national security policy and deferred to the military in the areas of intelligence, public safety, and border control—which help to maintain military priorities in the security sector and expand the military’s role in public life.

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

Whether and how issues—including environmental issues—are “securitized” (framed and understood as security concerns) matters for how these are subsequently addressed, especially since naming something as a security concern tends to demand urgent action.