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Analyses

Local Insecurity in Post-Peace Accord Colombia

Local Insecurity in Post-Peace Accord Colombia

Differing perceptions of security between local communities and state security actors have important implications for local peacebuilding—namely, for how international, national, and local state and non-state actors can support peacebuilding in contexts with on-going violence by using the “‘local’ [as] a point of departure” for designing security and peacebuilding strategies.

Women Acting to Dismantle Violent Extremism

Women Acting to Dismantle Violent Extremism

“Violent extremism” must be reconsidered from the standpoint of local women, rather than from a “narrow, Western-centric, and male-dominated” perspective—a move that reveals, in the context of Iraq and Syria, the inclusion under that label of violence attributed not only to Salafi-Jihadist groups but also to government forces, “government-affiliated militias,” and patriarchy.

Why Do Individuals Support Political Violence?

Why Do Individuals Support Political Violence?

When aggrieved individuals perceive that their political activities make a difference, they are less likely to support political violence to change the status quo, meaning that this sense of “political efficacy” is a moderating factor in individuals’ likelihood to support political violence.

Why Do Some Protests Escalate to Violence?

Why Do Some Protests Escalate to Violence?

A protest is more likely to escalate to violence a) the more recently it has faced state repression and b) when it is spontaneous rather than well-organized.

The Role of National Identity in American Responses to Terrorism

The Role of National Identity in American Responses to Terrorism

The U.S. response to terrorism, both domestic and transnational, has been rooted in ontological security, meaning that a state will seek to protect and perpetuate its own national identity, resulting in the U.S. government historically overlooking terrorism perpetrated by right-wing groups that aligned with a dominant American national identity.