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Analyses

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

Whether and how issues—including environmental issues—are “securitized” (framed and understood as security concerns) matters for how these are subsequently addressed, especially since naming something as a security concern tends to demand urgent action.

Evaluating Conflict Transformation in the Nigerian Oil Region

Evaluating Conflict Transformation in the Nigerian Oil Region

The disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program in the Nigerian oil region brought forth changes for ex-insurgents and community members across four levels to some extent—cultural, intrapersonal, structural, and interpersonal (CISI)—though interpersonal change did not extend to all conflict parties, hindering the conflict transformation potential of the program.

African Religious Philosophy as a Resource for Peacebuilding

African Religious Philosophy as a Resource for Peacebuilding

Conflict resolution approaches drawing on traditional African religious philosophy—especially in the form of proverbs and art symbols that express the social values and moral codes ordering society—can complement and even substitute for formal political institutions and actors, “infusing some creativity, innovation and sustainability” into peacemaking efforts on the continent.