Peace Science Made Accessible, Understandable, and Useful.

Racism as a Foundation of the Modern World

Racism as a Foundation of the Modern World

Race and racism, empire, and slavery are foundations of the European- and American-led contemporary world order, as demonstrated by the transatlantic slave trade, racist views held by Western philosophers, and the “standard of civilization” principle. 

Militarization of UN Peacekeeping in Mali

Militarization of UN Peacekeeping in Mali

The militarization of MINUSMA was reinforced by a robust peacekeeping mandate, cooperation with counterterrorism operations, and significant involvement of NATO countries.

Militarized Masculinities and the Legitimation of Violence

Militarized Masculinities and the Legitimation of Violence

Despite the popularity of the “Canada-as-peacekeeper” image with the Canadian public, Canada’s military long had problems with it, feeling that it “emasculated” Canadian soldiers and therefore the country itself.