As a project of transnational militarism, the deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense System (THAAD) in South Korea demonstrates the invisible working of race and class hierarchies through othering North Korea as the “red enemy” and imposing the unequal burden of hosting the missile defense system on lower-class marginalized rural communities.
A relational approach to peacemaking is better equipped to address underlying social and political conditions that fuel conflict.
Vivid information about the consequences of a nuclear attack reduced Americans’ support for the use of nuclear weapons on both moral and self-interested grounds.
Race and racism, empire, and slavery are foundations of the European- and American-led contemporary world order, as demonstrated by the transatlantic slave trade, racist views held by Western philosophers, and the “standard of civilization” principle.
The PAP played an impactful role in conflict resolution in Sudan, Côte d’Ivoire, Libya, and Somalia through its internal debates, fact-finding missions, convening of various stakeholders, meetings with diplomatic representations, and periodic communications.
Legislators’ party affiliation and the demographics of their districts account for differences in the legislative vote on military spending.
The militarization of MINUSMA was reinforced by a robust peacekeeping mandate, cooperation with counterterrorism operations, and significant involvement of NATO countries.
Las variables particulares relacionadas con la paz parecen más fuertes en los sistemas de paz que en los sistemas que no son de paz, lo que sugiere que, de hecho, hay características recurrentes que contribuyen a las relaciones pacíficas entre las sociedades.
The presence of private military and security companies promotes militarization in humanitarian spaces and undermines non-militarized approaches to security.
Instead of coercing or deterring them, the threat or use of military violence (or other harm) can actually make the adversary even more adamant about not backing down, provoking them to resist further or even retaliate.